Publications and Working Papers

2018. “Weak States and Robust Pluralism: Lessons from Two Poor Democracies,” with Igor Logvinenko, Democratization, Forthcoming.

“Capturing the Airwaves, Capturing the Nation? A Field Experiment on State-Run Media Effects in the Wake of a Coup,” with Kristin Michelitch, 2017,  Journal of Politics, 79 (3): 873-889.

“The Malian Crisis and the Lingering Problem of Good Governance,” with Abdoulaye Dembele and Sidiki Guindo, 2016. Stability: International Journal of Security & Development, 5(1): 15, pp. 1–18, DOI:

“The 2012 Crisis in Mali: Ongoing Empirical State Failure” with Kristin Michelitch, 2015. African Affairs, 114 (457): 598-623.

“Do Francophone and Islamic schooling communities participate differently?  Disaggregating parents’ political behavior in Mali,” 2013. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 51 (3): 377-408.

“Valence Issues and African Elections: Navigating Uncertainty and the Weight of the Past,” with Nicolas van de Walle, 2012. Comparative Political Studies, 46 (11) 1394–1421.

“Parties and issues in Francophone West Africa: Toward a theory of non-mobilization,” with Nicolas van de Walle, 2011, Democratization,  18:5, 1125-1145, DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2011.603473.

“Education for all, education for whom, education for what? Lessons from Mali” with Boubacar Mody Guindo, 2013, Development in Practice,  Vol. 23, No. 8, 1004–1017.

Working Papers and Manuscripts 
(email me at for the most recent version of working papers below)

Electoral politics in Africa: Continuity in Change, with Nicolas van de Walle, Under Contract

“Is Women’s Socioeconomic Empowerment Associated with Political Knowledge and Opinions? Evidence from Rural Mali,” with Kristin Michelitch

“Weak States and Uneven Pluralism: Lessons from Mali and Kyrgyzstan,” with Igor Logvinenko

“Drinking Tea with the Neighbors: Social Capital and Social Trust in Mali,” with Jacopo Bonan, Philippe LeMays-Boucher, and Bassirou Sarr

“Indigenous Associations and Public Goods Provision: Experimental Evidence from Mali,” with Jacopo Bonan, Philippe LeMays-Boucher, and Bassirou Sarr

Campaign Images and Citizen-Politician Linkages: Exploring Visual Appeals in Presidential Campaigns in Sub Saharan Africa and Latin America,” with Pilar Gianni and Nara Pavao.

“Sovereignty and Security in Mali: Public Opinion on Malian Leaders and the French Intervention,” with Lauren Honig, Sidiki Guindo, and Andrea Pena-Vasquez

“The Role of Religion and Youth  Recruitment to Violent Non-state Actors: Lessons from the Sahel,” with Boukary Sangare and Marc-Andre Boisvert

“Out of Africa: Electoral failure and the future of political Islam in West Africa,” with David Patel

Social Interaction and Technology Adoption: Experimental Evidence from Improved Cookstoves in Mali,” with Jacopo Bonan, Pietro Battison, Philippe LeMay-Boucher, Stefano Pareglio, Bassirou Sarr, and Massimo Tavoni

Policy Posts

“What citizens say is needed to end Mali’s insecurity,” with Abdoulaye Dembele and Sidiki Guindo, Monkey Cage Blog, Washington Post, November 27, 2015.

“On the primacy of weak public service provision in rural Mali: Malians redefine ‘state breakdown’ amidst the 2012 political crisis,” with Kristin Michelitch, Afrobarometer Working Paper 155:

“Can Indigenous Associations Foster Trust, Tolerance, and Public Goods? Exploring the Role of Grins in Rebuilding Civil Society and Democracy in Post-Conflict Mali.” With Philippe LeMay-Boucher, Jacopo Bonan, and Bassirou Sarr.  USAID Democracy Fellows and Grants Program Final Report

“Mali: The Mali Crisis,” 2015. In Encyclopedia of Modern Ethnic Conflicts. Ed. Joseph R Rudolph. Santa Barbara: ABC LIO Greenwood.

“Voices from Contested Territory: 531 Messages for President Obama,” with Kristin Michelitch, Monkey Cage Blog, January 17, 2013.  

“Voices from Fragile States: The Resilient Problem of Human Development” with Kristin Michelitch, 2013, UN Wider Angle